The battle continues with the cane toads that will soon be reaching the Bungle Bungle range in the World Heritage Listed Purnululu National Park in Western Australia.

Cane toads have hopped over 100 kilometres into Western Australia over the past year and are quickly approaching the world heritage-listed Bungle Bungles in the state's far north.

Cane Toad
Cane Toad (Rhinella marina), annotated for identification. Image: Jodi Rowley
© Australian Museum

What's the threat?

Cane toads are posing a large threat to the biodiversity in the area because they:

  • poison pets and injure humans with their toxins
  • poison many native animals whose diet includes frogs, tadpoles and frogs' eggs
  • eat large numbers of honey bees, creating a management problem for bee-keepers
  • prey on native fauna
  • compete for food with vertebrate insectivores such as small skinks
  • may carry diseases that are can be transmitted to native frogs and fishes

Cane Toads have spread from Queensland into New South Wales and the wetlands of the Northern Territory where they have devastated ecosystems in Kakadu National Park and Arnhem Land.

Kimberley Toad Busters to the rescue

Upon hearing of the impact of cane toads in Kakadu and Arnhem, the community in Kununurra formed Kimberley Toad Busters in 2005 to protect the region’s biodiversity. About 5,000 Toad Buster volunteers have been hard at work disposing over 500,000 adult cane toads and millions of cane toad eggs, tadpoles and juveniles. They are battling against the cane toads to ensure the current diversity of our wildlife is still enjoyed by the next generation.

Climate change siding with toads

Things won’t get any easier. Climate change modelling has shown that within 25 years, habitats suitable for cane toads could extend into Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia (especially the Kimberley region and down the coast) and eventually Tasmania.

Find out more about cane toads here.

See the image below of some of the NSW native frogs that are often confused for cane toads.

Frog species native to NSW that are often confused with toads
Some Australian native frog species in NSW that are often confused with non-native Cane Toads (Rhinella marina). Image: Jodi Rowley
© Jodi Rowley