Giant Shovelnose Ray, Glaucostegus typus (Bennett, 1830)
Common Shovelnosed Ray, Great Northern Shovelnose
The Giant Shovelnose Ray grows to 2.7 m in length and occurs in the Indo-Pacific region.
The species has a triangular snout, two large dorsal fins and a caudal fin that lacks a lower lobe. There are thorns and denticles along the dorsal midline
Juveniles occur in inshore mangrove and coral reef waters. Adults occur in deeper marine waters to depths of about 100 m.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Last, P.R. & J.D. Stevens. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Edition 2. CSIRO. Pp. 644, Pl. 1-91.