Mangrove Jack, Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Creek Red Bream, Dog Bream, Mangrove Red Snapper, Purple Sea Perch, Red Bass, Red Bream, Red Perch, Red Reef Bream, River Roman, Rock Barramundi
The Mangrove Jack looks similar to the Red Bass, Lutjanus bohar. The Red Bass has a lower spinous dorsal fin, scale rows on the back that rise obliquely from the lateral line, a deep groove from the nostrils to the eyes and generally darker colouration.
The Mangrove Jack is greenish brown to reddish. In Australia it is known from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to the central coast of New South Wales.
The Mangrove Jack is greenish brown to reddish. Juveniles have pale bars on the sides of the body and one or two blue lines on the cheeks. The species has an emarginatecaudal fin and scale rows on the back that are roughly parallel to the lateral line.
Juveniles usually live in mangrove estuaries and freshwater streams. Adults live on deeper offshore reefs down to depths of at least 100 m.
The Mangrove Jack occurs in tropical and some warm temperate marine waters of the Indo-West and Central Pacific. In Australia it is known from the central coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to the central coast of New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
- Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.