Fluorite is a calcium fluoride that crystallises in the cubic system. It occurs in a wide range of attractive colours. However a hardness of 4, perfect octahedral cleavage and a sensitivity to sudden changes in temperature make it difficult to facet and preserve.
Although rarely used in jewellery fluorite is faceted as a collector's stone.
Fluorite Physical properties
- Chemistry: calcium fluoride
- Hardness: 4
- Refractive Index: 1.433 - 1.448
- Specific gravity: 3.0-3.3
- Lustre: glassy
Fluorite in Australia
In New South Wales, attractive emerald-green fluorite comes from Emmaville, in the New England district. Attractive fluorite crystals are found at Luina, Tasmania.
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