Here are some tips on how to create a haven for native wildlife that also supplies your family with home grown fruit and veggies.
Be water wise
Carry through good water-saving habits to your garden. Group plants with similar watering needs together, water the roots and soil rather than the leaves and flowers, and choose drought-tolerant plants that need less water. Water your garden in the cool of the evening or early morning and use mulch and compost to reduce evaporation. Locate gardens in areas that will capture ‘runoff ’ rainwater from the roof: It reduces the need for watering and diverts storm water from draining into rivers and creeks.
Grow your own food
With a little patience and some gardening know-how, it’s possible to grow your own fresh food at home. First choose a site with plenty of sun. Prepare your planting area by mulching, composting and regularly turning over the soil to eliminate weeds. Find out what is in season and choose what you want to plant—pumpkins, potatoes, beetroot, carrots, lettuce and tomatoes are all good choices. Give your seedlings or seeds a good deep watering when you first plant them and water regularly after planting (but don’t overwater!).
If you don’t have a garden, use pots, planters or even recycled polystyrene boxes and place them on your balcony or courtyard. You can plant small lettuce, snow peas, herbs, Asian salad greens, cherry tomatoes and even strawberries.
Raise some chooks
Raising and keeping chickens in the backyard is an easy, economical way to get fresh eggs and save money. They are fairly inexpensive to maintain and you are guaranteed to have eggs that are chemical and hormone free.
Before getting chickens, get familiar with the standards for keeping poultry. Check the NSW legislation Local Government (General) Regulation 2005 - Schedule 2, Part 5, Division 2 at austlii.edu.au
Chemical free pest control
Adopt natural ways to control pests in your garden instead of resorting to chemicals.
For sap sucking insects such as aphids, try soapy water applied directly onto the insects.
To discourage snails, place saucers of beer in your garden. The snails will drink the beer, fall into the saucer and drown. Snails also dislike travelling over sawdust, so sprinkle some near the base of plants to deter them.
To get rid of cabbage moths, sprinkle half eggshells throughout your veggie garden. The moths mistake the egg shells for other moths and leave the area.
To kill weeds, pour boiling water directly onto them.
To get rid of powdery mildew, spray milk directly onto affected leaves. Or try a mix of 4 litres of water, 4 teaspoons of baking soda and half a cup of white oil as a spray.
For blackspot on roses, mix a litre of soapy water and a litre of skim milk and spray onto the roses every few days.