• Audience
    Children and families, Early years, Primary school
  • Learning stage
    Early years, Early Stage 1, Stage 1, Stage 2
  • Learning area
    Science, Creative Arts
  • Type
    Teaching resources

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There are over 200 species of frogs in Australia and they all have special features to help them survive. Like us, frogs need water and air, however they breathe and absorb water through their slimy skin! Frogs eat using their long, sticky tongue at the front of their mouth to catch their dinner. Some frogs eat insects like flies and mosquitos and some larger frogs eat small snakes, baby turtles, and even other frogs.


  • Frogs have sticky hands and feet to help them cling onto smooth leaves and climb up trees.
  • Frogs don’t have big teeth like us and instead swallow their food whole. To help push their food into their tummy, they close their eyes and use the back of their eyeballs to push their food down.
  • A female frog lays eggs into water. The eggs hatch and grow into tadpoles which get oxygen in the water through their gills. The tadpole grows little legs and arms and eventually morphs into a frog.

  1. Can you name some of the main features of frogs?
  2. What do frogs need to survive?
  3. Can you research and describe the process of metamorphosis undertaken by frogs?

Bella, a species of Tree Frog, was discovered in 2016 by scientists at the Australian Museum. It lives in northern Australia, is green with orange feet and hands, and has purple thighs!

  • Follow the instructions to create your own frog mask.
  • Next, stick on a paddle-pop stick so you can hold your mask and pretend you are Bella.
  • Play an insect catching game by adding Velcro to the tip of a party blower and sourcing felt mini-beasts. Blow out your tongue to catch as many felt mini-beasts as you can!