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Type specimens are the name bearing specimens upon which scientific names are based.
The fish type collection at the Australian Museum is the fourth largest in the world. In the video, Ichthyology Collection Manager Mark McGrouther takes us on a behind the scenes look at part of this scientifically priceless collection.
At 0:23, Mark says "There is a new species described every week in Australia" - what is more correct is that a species new to the Australian fauna is discovered (not described) from Australia every week.
The table, below, lists the meanings of some of the types of types.
Most of these definitions are from Eschmeyer (1998), and are used with the permission of Dr W.N. Eschmeyer.
- Eschmeyer, W.N. (Ed). 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. Pp. 2905.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.