Smallhead Sole, Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther, 1862)
Small-head Sole, Small-headed Sole
The Smallhead Sole is known only from harbours and estuaries of New South Wales, it is grey-green to brown with dark bands, and has a blue and black margin to the fins. The juvenile colour pattern mimics a species of flatworm.
The Smallhead Sole can be recognised by its distinctive colouration. It is grey-green to brown with dark bands, and has a blue and black margin to the fins. It has papillae on the snout, raised eyes, and nostrils on the tip of a long tube.
Juvenile Smallhead Sole differ in colour from the adults. They are white with a black and orange margin. This colour pattern mimics a species of flatworm.
The species occurs in depths from 3 m to 20 m.
The Smallhead Sole is only known from harbours and estuaries of New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437. (as Aesopia microcephala)
- Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433. (as Aesopia microcephala)